Frequently asked questions

Many kinds of editing services are offered by scientific editing companies. English editing and proofreading is mostly correcting the English grammar at the sentence level - and as such, many times enough.

Advanced or Professional editing, in addition, aims to correct the structure of the article. For instance, they reorganize sentences inside the paragraphs and reorganize paragraphs.

You may have all themes, issues, aspects and all things, which are needed for a scientific presentation, written in your manuscript. Just that they are in a wrong, confusing or mixed order. If the service promises to reorganize and rewrite the whole article, we can talk about Substantive editing. However, in our service, we do even more.

We help you to find the themes and aspects you should write about. We tell you what is missing. We help you to find the themes you should write about in the introduction, we help you to formulate the aims and conclusions, and we help you to find the themes and aspects you would be good to discuss. Therefore, we call our service Writing Help. This sounds like a great promise. We do not promise to do all this by ourselves without your help and your own effort. However, we can do it together with you. Our Substantive editing means that we focus on the substance, the scientific content of the article. We are almost like authors themselves - or many times, in practice, like supervisors for PhD students.

Essay writing services promise to write the whole stories by themselves with a cheap price. We think that this system does not fit to the science and we do not act as 'ghost writers'. We want to develop the texts together with the authors. We believe that the authors can learn writing themselves in the long run and start to write better articles in the future. See also a blog about learning to write yourself.

We help the authors to develop the whole research story. We help to put the research in its scientific context. We help to present the research so that readers will understand, why your article should be read and published. We help you to make interpretations and conclusions and write an interesting discussion.

In practice, we do the same what the authors do in scientific writing. In practice, we suggest better ways to write, search for mistakes and inconsistencies, help to interpret results, question the interpretations and conclusions. Finally, when we think that the content and the structure are ok, we edit the text according to your preferences.We can also write new paragraphs, search for articles to refer, read the articles and write about them.

We personally teach you scientific writing by commenting and advising during your writing process. Finally, if (and when) we see that there still are problems within the text, we suggest how to write it and rewrite it to you if you wish.

Unfortunately, it is difficult for us to have a special student price that would be especially low. This is because PhD students are many times neither experienced writers nor ready scientists. They may need a lot of help. Everyone feeling lost and alone with the writing is welcome to contact us. I advise students to ask the supervisor if there is any project money to be used for writing help. I am confident that the writing will be faster with our help, and the investment will be cost-effective from the research project’s point of view. One or two thousand euros shouldn’t be a great problem in most funded research projects. In any project wanting articles published, our help should be worth of investing. The problem with the asking may be that the supervisors may often think that their help is enough. However, many times the supervisors are busy and students do not get enough help.


We can help the doctoral students with the thesis. We comment the content and give suggestions to improve the text. We can discuss and try to help with all kinds of problems dealing with the thesis.

The time taken for our editing varies a lot and depends on the original quality of the work, as well as on the level wanted. Most often, we give the first comments in the next day or the day after that. The second round comments may take a few days up to a week. The time needed to get the article ready for submission takes often more than four weeks, in practice. Because the idea is that you develop the article yourself, we read and give comments maybe three times before the final editing. Because there is much work for us, our prices are relatively high.

Our English editing by a native speaker costs 0.05 euros per word. If you don't need it, you get a reduction. We do not provide only English language checks. English grammar check is always only a final and small part of the work we do. You surely get an English correction cheaper from big companies. It seems to me that there is fierce competition between scientific proofreading services. Academic English grammar check price can be very cheap nowadays; I have seen a price of 30 euros per 1 000 words in January 2018, offered by a western-looking company. Less than 60 euros (ca 70 USD) per 1 000 words is a normal price. I guess that even lower prices are offered by some non-western-looking companies. The quality of the work may equal to the price. It is not realistic to assume that any academic person in western industrialized countries works a long time with 30 euros. However, a cheap English correction may often be enough for the English itself, at least for lower-quality journals. You even get an official-looking certificate.

We keep the editing certificates mostly useless, because no universal quality standards for editing, not even for English editing, exist. If you for some reason need an editing certificate, we can write what we have done. To the best of our knowledge, there is no place to add the certificate in the online submission platforms of the journals. I neither have heard of any editor who would not have believed without a certificate that the English had been proofread.

We do not do only the technical formatting or reference formatting for your article. Instead, we can advise you to make the formatting yourself, according to the target journal instructions. This is not any difficult or a long task, and we think that it is not worth of paying anything to anyone, in most cases. Small or even large mistakes in the text or reference formatting are not any reason to reject an article. In case you have mistakes, you will get a request from a journal to correct the formatting. However, in any case, it is best for you when you have formatted all according to the journal instructions.

After our substantive editing, you most often don't need to worry about plagiarism. You will most probably notice that after our comments and editing, almost everything has been changed and there cannot be plagiarism any more. If you are afraid of plagiarism, tell us.  If you have a plagiarism report and you want only to reduce plagiarism, that will be fine as well. However, we need to understand the subject of the article enough. We cannot edit for instance, social sciences. Please contact, and we can discuss.

We write you a short cover letter. We choose the aspects that we think are important for the editor to know when deciding whether to send or not to send your paper to reviewers. We think that a short letter is the best for busy editors, and we believe that the editors read the Abstract and Conclusions and therefore, we do not repeat them.



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